About AizawlThe capital and the largest city of Mizoram, Aizawl is an exceptionally beautiful city in Mizoram. With the administrative headquarters in this part of the state, the inhabitants of the place strongly reflect the presence of different communities around the state.
History of AizawlAizawl village was set up in the year 1871-72 when a Mizo chief by the name of Khalkom made a conduct of disorderliness, which led the British to establish an outpost by the name of Aizawl. In 1890, under the orders of officer Dally of Assam police, Aizawl was selected as the site to construct a fortified post. From 1895 onwards, Aizawl started to be accessible from Silchar via the road that was constructed under the supervision of Major Loch. Until the year 1966, Aizawl was a large village, when the Mizo National Front uprising happened, and then Aizawl turned into a larger town due to regrouping of the Mizo villages and then gradually a big city. Today Aizawl is the centre of Mizoram that connects the entire of Mizoram from north to south and east to west. More than 25% of the entire population of Mizoram resides in Aizawl.
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Geography of AizawlAizawl is located in the northern part of Mizoram to the north of the tropic of Cancer. It is around 1.132 meters above the sea level. Two river valleys lay in two sides of Aizawl: Tlawng river valley to the west and tuirial valley to the east. Here, the climate is very mild and moderate owing to its location at an elevated level. In accordance to the Koppen climate classification, Aizawl has a humid subtropical climate but very rainy weather. During the summer, the temperature remains between 20-30 degree Celsius and during the winters it stays between 11-21 degree Celsius.
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Demography of AizawlAccording to the 2001 census, the population of Aizawl is 228,280. The percentage of males and females is 50.80% and 49.20 respectively. The Mizos belong to various tribes and sub-tribes. Here the religion is primarily Christianity; however other religions such as Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism are also practiced.
Majority of the population is covered by the Presbyterians. However, other than that some Seventh-day Adventists, United Pentecostal Church, Roman Catholics, Salvation Army and Baptists also exist.
Economy of AizawlThere are many government services within the town since it is the central place of the state. The economy of the state is highly dependent on these government services. Apart from that, tourism is another sector through which it has been able to improve the economy of the state. More and more hotels and lodge houses are being constructed with the passage of time, thus making way for employment and making the visits of the tourists much more easier and comfortable.
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Aizawl TourismIt is needless to say that Aizawl is a place of extreme scenic beauty. There are so many places of tourist interest in Aizawl that they will at once grab the attention of the tourists. There are wildlife sanctuaries in Aizawl that are known to possess varied flora and fauna. Dampa Tiger Reserve is a wildlife reserve in the area that is a home to a number of tigers. Other wildlife sanctuaries in and around Aizawl are Tawi sanctuary, Murlen National Park, Lengteng National Park and Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary. One can also visit State Museum at McDonald Hill, Aizawl Zoological Park at Lungverh, KVI Handloom and Handicraft Sales Emporium at Zarkawt, Mizo Hlakungpui Mual in Aizawl.
Transport in AizawlAizawl is easily accessible by air, rail and roadways. There are proper means of transport to reach the city. One can reach Aizawl via airways as Aizawl has its own airport. Aizawl also has properly constructed roadways via which one can travel in a car or bus. Aizawl does not have a railway station and the nearest railway station to Aizawl is Silchar which is just 184 kms away in Assam and takes around 19 hours.
Facts of Aizawl
Population: 260, 000
Weather: Max : 30oC; Min: 20oC
Winter: Max : 21o C; Min 11o C
Rainfall: 3,000 m
Altitude: 1132 metres/ 3715 Ft (more information about some locality )
Best time to visit: October - March
Official : English, Mizo
STD/dialing Code: 0389